Jantar Mantar of Delhi is one of the five observatories built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur. Jantar Mantar is located near Connaught Place, Delhi’s most modern area. This monument has a group of 13 architectural astronomy devices. Jantar Mantar was built in 1724. This building is also considered an example of the scientific advancement of ancient India. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh had also constructed such observatories in four other areas including Jaipur, Ujjain, Mathura and Varanasi. During Mohammed Shah’s reign, there was a debate about the position of planets between Hindu and Muslim astronomers, to founded Sawai King Jai Singh had created Jantar Mantar.
The construction of this observatory was done for one main reason. The primary objective of constructing Jantar Mantar was to make astronomical compilations and also to know the move of Sun, Moon and other planets. Due to some of these objectives, nowadays it is classified as astronomy. The construction work of Jantar Mantar was completed in 1724, after which it was very bad till 1867.
Raja Jai Singh II was more interested in the topic formed from the very young age. At the age of 11, after the death of his father, he had to handle the throne, which led to his formal studies being missed. Due to his interest in the formation, he continued his studies even after assuming throne on 25 January 1700. During this time, he also took a deep study of astronomy and astrology.
In his office, he had the huge collection of books and instruments related to astronomy. Raja Jai Singh had gathered many key astronomers in a special place for the purpose. In his great work, Hindus, Islamic and European astronomers contributed their equal. During the reign of King Jai Singh, he created a team that searched for astronomical information and facts. Once the king sent that party from India to Europe. This team was unable to bring Newton, Galileo, Copernicus and Kepler’s works and their books, but brought some books, documents and instruments with them.
Located in Connaught Place of Delhi, Jantar Mantar is a unique model of architecture art, one of the main tourist destinations of Delhi. Jantar Mantar is called Observatory in which 13 astronomical instruments are present. Jantar Mantar was designed by Raja Jai Singh, according to the French author De Boise, Jai Singh himself used to prepare the model of the wax of this machine with his own hands.
During the settlement of Rajasthan’s capital Jaipur, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II had started the construction of Jantar Mantar, Jai Singh was knowledge of astrology and he was also very interested in it. It took about 6 years to complete the construction work of Jantar Mantar, as a result of which it was fully prepared in 1734. Instruments made in Jantar Mantar were established primarily to find out the planets’ movements. Jantar Mantar of Delhi is inspired by Somarkand [Uzbekistan] Observatory.
General thing Jantar Mantar Delhi:-
Day Open: Open all Days
Admission Fee: Rs. 5 For Indian, 100 Rs For foreigners
Photography Charges: No
Nearest Metro Station: Patel Chowk